100 items found
- Ova-looked and fed-up: Gender Discrimination in Medicine and Healthcare
An article by our Culture Editor, Chloe Lawson, examining the inherent misogyny in medical research and exploring the very real and dangerous impact of ignoring half the population. Image description: Depicting two figures, one male and one female, this work articulates the presence of power hierarchy and discrimination. The graphic and abstract application of the paint echoes ideas of anatomy and inner emotion, whilst the dark setting amplifies the sharp lines and colour. Although Capucine’s original concept for this work was not informed by a medical background, she believes in a flexible interpretation for art work for anyone who comes across it. Broken pieces’ (as part of a self-portrait series), Capucine Leclere, 2018. Acrylic and oil on canvas / red vinyl stickers cut-outs. 33cm x 46cm. Since the time of the ancient Greeks, women were believed to simply be “mutilated males” with an added dose of hysteria. In previous centuries, women who were found to be making too much of a fuss were thrown into asylums, given clitoridectomies or lobotomies and that was that (Criado Perez, 196). This is perhaps not a surprising view for thousands, or hundreds, of years ago and one would hope that doctors and medical researchers today find this laughable. However, far too often this is still the case, if not demonstrated to such extremes. Inequalities persist in the medical world which can have life-altering and sometimes fatal consequences for women around the world. In her book Invisible Women, Caroline Criado Perez illustrates, “a medical system which, from root to tip is systematically discriminating against women” for both mental and physical health (Criado Perez, 196). One remnant of Greek medical theory is that women are essentially treated as variations of men, with a sprinkling of additional hormones thrown in the mix. The male body is viewed as the standard, meaning that medical testing and the understanding of diseases is based around this assumption. This obscures how drugs and symptoms of disease (for example, heart conditions) may affect men and women differently (The Economist, 2021). Although researchers have found sex differences at a cellular level, and in the fundamental workings of organs like the heart, medical trials do not reflect these findings (The Economist, 2021). Women are more likely to have severe reactions to vaccinations, to the extent that some researchers have suggested female-specific vaccines (Criado Perez, 199). Yet, there is a distinct reluctance to include women in many studies, with some weak claims that women are harder to source for medical research due to caregiving responsibilities. Additionally, a few researchers refuse to include women due to the ‘complications’ that the hormones at different stages of the menstrual cycle can cause (Criado Perez, 222). The resulting lack of knowledge about how women's bodies react and respond to different diseases and their treatments is dangerous. It can lead to misdiagnosis or lack of diagnosis altogether. Many young women will not suffer chest pain during a heart attack but experience other symptoms such as nausea, stomach pain or fatigue (Criado Perez). This is problematic not only because these are common symptoms of PMS and may be dismissed by the woman herself but could also lead to dismissal by medical professionals as the patient does not exhibit the stereotypical behaviours of a heart attack. This could be fatal. Aside from physical health, there is significant evidence showing that symptoms of mental illnesses are divergent in women and therefore missed by medical professionals. The common belief is that autism is 4x more common in boys than girls but recent research has found that female socialisation patterns may mean that young girls simply mask their symptoms more effectively (Criado Perez, 222). Similarly, it is believed that three-quarters of girls with ADHD remain undiagnosed because they rarely display stereotypical hyperactive behaviours, and the condition manifests itself in other ways such as being more introverted and scattered (Criado Perez, 223). In terms of pregnant women, there is next to no data about the increased risk of disease for mothers and their unborn children. For obvious reasons, pregnant women are often reluctant to take part in medical trials. However, that seems a trivial reason for medical researchers to just stop researching this group. During pandemics and epidemics such as SARS or Swine Flu, where pregnant women were significantly at risk, there was an opportunity for the effects on pregnant women to be studied without clinical trials and yet this was missed. I would hazard a guess and say that the same goes for the current pandemic. Pregnant women have long been misunderstood by medical research. The infamous thalidomide scandal in the 1960s is one example. The drug was used because the researchers had found that they could not “find a high enough dose to kill a rat” and it was therefore deemed safe (Criado Perez, 201). It is reported to have resulted in 10 000 miscarriages, stillbirths and infant deaths in Britain (The Guardian, 2016). The scandal resulted in increased regulations for drug and vaccine approval, but it is an example of a misunderstanding about drug use on pregnant women (Kingsland, 2020). In the present day, drugs with dramatic side effects are still used to treat pregnant women. Relaxin is a hormone used during labour to loosen women's hips and makes the birthing process easier. However, it lingers in women's bodies for up to a year and makes them more prone to injury (The Economist, 2021). Obtaining the funds for studies or technologies that specifically aim to improve the lives of women (as opposed to all humans) is a considerable challenge when faced with boards of balding white men who dismiss the existence of a market for such things. According to the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, less than 3% of overall medical funding in the UK is focused on women-specific afflictions (Endometriosis UK, Instagram). A frustrating example cited by Criado Perez is a 2013 study into the alternative effects of sildenafil citrate (otherwise known as Viagra). The drug was found to allow for over 4 hours of pain relief with little to no side effects, therefore being a godsend to the 90% of women who suffer from dysmenorrhea (period pain). However, funding ran out on the project, and multiple attempts to raise money have been rejected due to its reviewers failing to see the priority. Additionally, pharmaceutical companies are reluctant to do tests which may result in a potential loss of male customers if the drug was marketed for women (Criado Perez, 230). Yet, erectile dysfunction affects only 5-15% of men, compared to the 90% of women who have to endure pain “almost as bad as a heart attack” every month (Criado Perez, 230).It seems illogical. There have been some recent slithers of hope, with the rise of ‘Femtech’ businesses- projects such as period tracking apps, created to help women tackle sex-specific health concerns. The market value of this area is forecasted to rise from $22.5 billion in 2020 to $65 billion by 2027 (The Economist, 2021). However, it seems strange that it has taken this long for the world to realise the size of this potential market. According to the Economist, women are 75% more likely than men to use technology for health purposes, and yet there are still powerful voices claiming that there isn’t a market (The Economist, 2021). Another example to highlight is the few effective treatments offered for Endometriosis - a disease resulting in womb tissue growing elsewhere in the body (Criado Perez). This condition is considered one of the 20 most painful diseases in the world and affects 10% of women according to the charity Endometriosis UK (Endometriosis UK, Instagram). Currently, it takes on average 8 years to receive a diagnosis in the UK and 10 years in the US (Criado Perez, 224). Several MPs have expressed the opinion that if this condition affected 10% of men, then there would be no question of more research and looking at the amount of research into erectile dysfunction, this is not hard to believe. There is a long way to go. While it would be natural to assume that if women make up half the population, then they should be able to trust what their doctor is telling them, it is clear that there is a significant misunderstanding of the female experience, and no obvious movement to change that fact. Women often have to fight against first, second and third opinions to find out what is wrong with them, while being told they're not ‘actually ill’ and that ‘it’s all in their head’. Their pain is dismissed as emotional or a result of anxiety, which may go some way to explain why so many more women are prescribed antidepressants than men. The idea that women are ‘too emotional’ is something that should have been left behind in the last century. Yet, this assumption still floats around in the minds of some researchers and medical professionals. The very people we rely on to deliver we depend on to deliver objective and reliable diagnoses. References: Criado Perez, Caroline. Invisible Women: Exposing Data Bias in a World Designed for Men. London: Vintage. 2020. Endometriosis UK. 2nd November 2021. ‘The UK parliament debate on endometriosis’. Endometriosis UK. ‘Girls Uninterupted’. The Economist. 16th October 2021. https://www.economist.com/business/2021/10/16/femtech-firms-are-at-last-enjoying-an-investment-boom The Guardian. March 2016. https://www.theguardian.com/society/2016/mar/06/thalidomide-caused-up-to-10000-miscarriages-infant-deaths-uk [accessed 09/11/2021]. Kingsland, James. ‘How the Thalidomide scandal led to safer drugs’. Medical News Today, 15th December 2020. https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/how-the-thalidomide-scandal-led-to-safer-drugs About the artist: Capucine Leclere from Marseille, France. Currently studying BA intermedia Art at the Edinburgh College of Art. Her practice aims to explore human relationships to memory and intimacy. She like to experiment with various media and processes, such as printmaking, painting, sculpture, and video.
- We could all be Feminists
Lauren Deveney recounts her experience from being anti-feminist to anti-patriarchy during her time at university. She addresses her own shortcomings in her attitude towards feminism and other women and how she learned to redress these to become an active intersectional feminist. mage description: Using collage and red ink, the female figure is the centre of a bulls eye like pattern. The photo of the central figure holds an expressive position, her hand is up to the image while her body turns forward. The red circular lines surrounding her focus our view, not only through direction but by the contrast of the red ink and the black and white photo. Putting the female figure at the centre of the bulls eye is reminiscent to a sort of feminist thought; microscopic, targeted, and intentional. Growing up, I never really understood what ‘feminism’ meant. To me, feminists were angry, bra-wielding protesters who didn’t shave their armpits. With the benefit of hindsight, I can recognise the unfair prejudice and internalised misogyny I held against feminists. However, instead of beating myself up about it, I have recognised the patriarchal influences that have informed my opinions. I’m not saying my opinion was fair or justified, but when coming to university my friends and peers sought to educate me in a respectful and non-judgemental way. They didn’t criticise me or put me down for not being as ‘woke’ or politically correct as them. Instead, they took the time to allow me to grow and figure it out for myself, whilst supporting me from the sidelines. It was this compassion that kickstarted me into wanting to be a feminist and I want to underline the importance of this – we can’t hold everyone to the unrealistic standards of always knowing the right thing to do or say. It is far more productive to educate people rather than punish and put them down. In this article, I briefly want to discuss how I overcame my own internalised misogyny and prejudices in an attempt to better my understanding of feminism. I hope that this might encourage other people to know that it is never too late to try and not to be scared of judgement from your peers when you will inevitably slip up along the way. I want to start by explaining why I initially didn’t identify with feminism. Where I was from, being a feminist wasn’t the ‘cool’ thing to do; boys in school would ridicule you as a ‘feminazi’ and in those early years, we saw their validation was key to social survival. Although I regret this, I do not judge myself for assimilating to their ideal at that time; it would be unfair to hold a young girl to such standards. Instead of blaming the individual, we must look to the more institutional sexism at play. If this hadn’t existed, then girls would feel more comfortable speaking out in favour of feminism. During school I was, and still am, a very feminine girl. I love to shave and wear fake tan and makeup and initially thought that this was what feminists hated, assuming that they rejected femininity as ‘sexist’. This was obviously misinformed, and I had allowed patriarchal rhetoric to inform my opinions. It wasn’t until I read Scarlett Curtis’ Feminists Don’t Wear Pink, that I truly understood that feminism is about doing whatever the fuck you want. During school I felt rejected by the feminists I did know for being girly, and perhaps I held it against them by rejecting feminism altogether. However, now I realise that they too were victims of this patriarchal rhetoric and that this was just another example of how women are too often pitted against each other. Instead, rather than letting this distract us, we should come together to understand and fight against the greater forces at play - the institution of the patriarchy. Curtis’ book led me down a rabbit hole of considering why I did what I did and for who. I had never wondered whether I shaved my legs and wore makeup for the benefit of the male gaze before, yet reading this book helped me to realise that I am allowed to do what makes me feel beautiful and comfortable in my body and gender identity for my benefit. Had men not created these feminine ideals going back hundreds of years, but particularly prevalent from the Victorian period, then perhaps I would not do these things. However, although these ideas are unfortunately entrenched in society, when I do these things, I do it for my own pleasure and comfort without a single thought for whether it pleases a man. I have taken control of the cards society dealt me as a woman. All these things do not make me any less of a feminist - unfortunately, it just took me a while to realise this. It wasn’t until my first few weeks at university, when I was surrounded by a whole new set of people with different life experiences than me, that I began to question my own opinions on feminism and wider issues of equality. I realised that these people who had different upbringings than me still held similar outlooks on fundamental principles of politics and social equality, allowing me to understand the different forms feminism can take. It wasn’t until I found friends who encouraged me to scrap all my preconceptions surrounding feminism, that I had been fed through right-wing media, and to look at it as ‘gender equality'. It was then that I discovered I was a big fat raging feminist. And more importantly, I was proud of it. Over the past three years, my relationship with feminism has only gone from strength to strength. I have, of course, had slip-ups along the way and had a support network there to help me work through any remaining misconceptions I had without judging me for it. It was not until much later in my feminist journey when I’d come to grips with its fundamentals that I began to develop my understanding into a more intersectional and informed way: The first thing I realised was that men can be feminists too. I was able to build healthy and long-lasting friendships with the men in my life once I came to terms with this. Some of my closest friends are men and I would not be at this stage in my life without them. I also learned from this that most men are just as invested in gender equality as I am. They just don’t like to admit it because of the stigma attached to feminism, which also put me off in the first place. Realising this and finding compassion for men allowed me to see them as allies, instead of enemies to the feminist plight that I previously understood them as. This second one is slightly different and is something I have only really been able to focus on over this past year. A woman’s journey through feminism is constantly changing and evolving. Feminism, particularly fourth-wave feminism, means nothing if it is not intersectional. The recent feud between influencers and authors Florence Given and Chidera Eggerue has shown to me that feminism must be diverse and equal for it to really work as it was meant to. White feminists need to stop speaking over Black women about intersectional issues that affect them far more than white women. When I first sought to learn more about feminism, Florence Given’s novel Women Don’t Owe You Pretty was a huge inspiration to me. I learnt to take control of my feminism and my body and use it in whatever way I see fit. It is with a certain degree of regret that it has only been recently that I have been made aware of issues that Chidera Eggerue quite rightly spoke out about in that her work has been appropriated by a more ‘palatable’ white voice. Putting women like Florence Given on a pedestal of ‘all-knowing feminist knowledge’ is a setback in fourth-wave feminism in the fight for intersectionality. White feminists must endeavour to focus on the issues Black feminists face today if we want to call ourselves feminists, at all. Feminism can no longer solely encompass the narrow views of middle-class white women; we have progressed past that and this wave must elevate those women who society has let fall through the cracks. For me, equality means just that, whatever race, gender or sexuality you identify as. Another recent attack on feminism comes from trans-exclusionary radical feminists (TERFs), which is pulling the progression of the feminist movement further and further back. Women I would previously idolise, such as JK Rowling, have come forward and argued that trans women do not deserve the same rights as other women as they are ‘invading our space’. I remember feeling so incredibly and utterly disappointed when I read the ignorant and downright offensive Tweets posted by Rowling this year. So again, my understanding of feminism evolved to keep up with the world around me and I learned about issues I had not even considered before simply because they did not directly affect me. Flavia Dzodan encompasses this, stating - “My feminism will be intersectional or it will be bullshit”. It may seem counterintuitive to my argument that I, being a white woman, am using space to chronicle my feminist journey. However, I am speaking out to my individual experience and no one is saying that we can’t still have a voice; just that it can’t drown out those of non-white women on issues that are theirs to talk about. I could have sat here all day and written about every feminist experience I have ever had or every person that has influenced my concept of feminism today. In this article, I have just given a few examples of some things which have set me up on my feminist odyssey - a journey that is far from over. Further reading (if you fancy): What A Time To Be Alone, and How To Get Over A Boy- Chidera Eggerue. Queenie- Candice Carty-Williams. Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, Consciousness, and the Politics of Empowerment- Patricia Hill Collins. The Awakening- Kate Chopin (a fiction novel but trust me here). Wide Sargasso Sea- Jean Rhys (one of my favourite fiction novels- again, trust me).
- Could we live to see the end of the Winter Olympics as we know them?
The Winter Olympics are just one of the many traditional events affected by climate change, but they are set to be extremely impacted if global warming continues. The increasing temperatures are resulting in decreased snow cover, higher rates of injury and increased costs to hosting. Without the supposed commitment of nations to COP26, it is almost definite that the future games will look significantly different to the ones we know today. Image one: Includes two A1 acrylic landscape paintings and an open sketchbook including a landscape sketch. Image two: Image 2 includes an A1 mixed media landscape painting Image description: Using mixed medias and the foundations of painting, the artist creates a vibrant and exciting mountain scape. Rather than just the blue of the ice, we see reminiscence of rock that stand out of the paintings with brown and purples. The artist adopts a very rash yet thorough use of colour to catch our eyes and transform the mountain from natural to ethereal monument. There are very few aspects of our lives that haven’t been affected by climate change in some capacity, and winter sports are no exception. The Winter Olympics are a multinational sports spectacle held every four years, attracting nearly 2 billion viewers. They bring people together, competitors and sports fans alike. However, recent reports suggest that by 2050, more than half of the Winter Olympics hosts will be unable to stage the games due to the rapid warming of the Earth. The recent IPCC report suggests that the planet is warming faster than expected; we are likely to exceed the 1.5°C mark within the next twenty years, and 4.4°C by 2100. A decrease in global snow cover is already happening, and it is expected to continue as the planet warms. The warmer climate has already caused shortened training seasons, unequal opportunities and potentially dangerous conditions, increased injury rates, and difficulties in finding appropriate training sites. More than a third of all ski resorts (with training and competition slopes) are located in the Alps, where the glaciers are retreating. The number of snow-reliable resorts is projected to drop from 91% to just 61% under 2°C warming, and 30% under 4°C. If the goals of the Paris Agreement are achieved, only 15 out of 21 host countries will be able to host the games until 2100. With no action, only 8 out of the 21 projected hosts will be able to host the winter games. The increased warming is projected to cause enormous economic losses as well. The median cost of hosting the Winter Olympics is nearly 3 billion USD, but the recent Winter Olympics were much more expensive: the 2010 Vancouver Olympic games cost 2.5 billion USD, the 2014 Sochi event broke the record with 21 billion USD, and the most recent 2018 Pyeongchang Olympics cost 13 billion USD. As the need for artificial snow, snow storage, venues, and transport increases, the costs will as well. The International Olympic Committee (IOC) has pledged to make all Olympics games ‘climate positive’ from 2030. The President of the IOC, Tomas Bach, has said that the committee “want to ensure that, in sport, we are at the forefront of the global efforts to address climate change and leave a tangible, positive legacy for the planet.” The IOC is already a carbon-neutral organisation, working to implement sustainability as a core principle of all upcoming games. All Olympics hosts will be required to compensate for their emissions and create long-lasting carbon-neutral solutions during and after their time as hosts. Beijing 2022 has committed to being 100% renewable energy for all purposes of all venues and buildings, and Milan-Cortina 2026 has committed to a total carbon-neutrality with the help of the IOC. While all efforts towards mitigating climate change are commendable, it cannot be done without the help and cooperation of governments, and now, with COP26 underway, is precisely the time to demand action. COP26, or the Conference of Parties, is the annual UN climate conference. This year, it is held in Glasgow from the 31st of October until the 12th of November. It is essentially a way for all member countries to agree on and set climate-mitigating targets. This year’s conference is important because countries must submit their long-term goals and the establishment and regulation of a carbon market. It is a global engagement initiative to (try and) achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement cooperatively. It also serves as a way for Scotland to show their climate mitigation strategies and a way for the UK to work with other countries on the global effort. It has been called the most significant climate event since the COP21 in Paris, and this year of negotiations is essential if we want to protect habitats, increase food security, decrease the rate of warming and sea-level rise, and increase multinational cooperation. Saving the Winter Olympics as we know them today is an indirect goal that can be achieved if the Paris Agreement goals are reached. There are many ways to get involved, from social media to in-person events and workshops. People have volunteered at COP26, you could host an activist in your home or engage with activists bringing attention to the conference and climate change. You could also join a global (Race to Zero, Fridays for Future) or local (Climate Scotland) movement, sign petitions for climate-related causes you believe in, or you can simply just spread the word and discuss the issue to continue doing your part.
- Online student magazine in Edinburgh | the edi magazine
HOME NEWS TRENDING CULTURE VOICES ARTS SCIENCE IN FOCUS CONTACT Search Results Out of gallery THE LATEST POSTS Chloe Lawson 2 minutes ago 6 min Ova-looked and fed-up: Gender Discrimination in Medicine and Healthcare Lauren Deveney Nov 20 7 min We could all be Feminists Zoja Manček Páli Nov 12 4 min Could we live to see the end of the Winter Olympics as we know them? Clara Sablitzky Nov 7 5 min Clara’s Guide to Edinburgh - An Impossible, Yet Ideal, Day in the Life Pranavi Hiremath Nov 5 4 min Pseudo Feminism and Why it’s Harmful. Kirsty Thomson Nov 1 3 min How Safe is Edinburgh really? Megan Clarke Oct 30 7 min In Conversation with Funmi Lijadu Megan Clarke Oct 28 7 min In Conversation with Mmangaliso Nzuza
- About | The EDI Magazine
HOME NEWS TRENDING CULTURE VOICES ARTS SCIENCE IN FOCUS CONTACT Search Results GET IN TOUCH We're keen to hear from you - whether it's article suggestions, comments, feedback or questions. Please email us on email@example.com and we will get back to you as soon as possible. Submit Thanks for submitting! ARCHIVE October 2021 (11) 11 posts September 2021 (4) 4 posts July 2021 (2) 2 posts June 2021 (3) 3 posts May 2021 (2) 2 posts April 2021 (3) 3 posts March 2021 (5) 5 posts February 2021 (9) 9 posts January 2021 (8) 8 posts December 2020 (5) 5 posts November 2020 (9) 9 posts October 2020 (3) 3 posts
- VOICES | the edi magazine
HOME NEWS TRENDING CULTURE VOICES ARTS SCIENCE IN FOCUS CONTACT Search Results Emma Bayley-Melendez Jul 20 5 min “You don’t sound very working class” - debunking Imposter Syndrome. Emma Bayley-Melendez writes about her experiences of imposter syndrome at the University of Bristol. Amy Houghton Jun 25 3 min In Conversation with Aisha Janki Akinola, New EUSA VP Welfare Back in March, Amy Houghton spoke to Aisha Janki Akinola following her election to the Edinburgh University Student’s Association,... Kirsten Provan and Oliver Ellis Jun 6 5 min The Problem with Casting Cis Actors in Trans Roles Oliver Ellis (he/him) and Kirsten Provan (she/her) explore how damaging it is for Hollywood to consistently cast cis actors in trans... Lucy Gavaghan May 21 4 min Nature is Not a Novelty - a letter to anyone who will read it. Lucy Gavaghan shares her thoughts in an open letter on why we must all care about climate change. Veronica Greer and Anastassia Kolchanov Apr 26 8 min Environmental Racism and the UK Defining environmental racism within the context of the UK and how its impacts stretch beyond the British Isles. Chloe Lawson Apr 5 5 min The Myanmar Military Coup: What We Need to Know Since the start of February, increasingly horrific stories have come out of Myanmar following the Military’s seizure of power. In recent... Maddie Noton Mar 14 7 min Letters to a loved one. Practising the old-age art of putting ink to paper - letters to a loved one. Annabel Wilde Mar 12 4 min Common People by Pulp was a criticism, not an instruction manual. Common People by Pulp was a criticism, not an instruction manual. Class appropriation at the University of Edinburgh by Annabel Wilde. Tamara El-Halawani and Rebecca Atkinson Mar 5 7 min The BSL Interpreter Campaign The UK government has failed to provide a British Sign Language (BSL) interpreter to broadcast vital Covid-19 news briefings. Despite an... Chloe Lawson and Kirsten Provan Feb 19 3 min 2020 Reflections: Kirsten and Chloe The final instalment of our 2020 Reflections by Chloe and Kirsten. Amy Houghton, Clara Sablitzky and Rachel Watkins Feb 16 4 min 2020 Reflections: Amy, Clara and Rachel The second of our 2020 reflection pieces looks at lockdown traditions, graduation difficulties and the chance to pause, grow and change. Pranavi Hiremath Feb 7 5 min Lockdown: Indian Students in the UK (Part Two) Part Two: Pranavi Hiremath and five of her friends share some remarkable stories first lockdown experiences. Pranavi Hiremath Feb 5 9 min Lockdown: Indian Students in the UK (Part One) Part One: Pranavi Hiremath and five of her friends share some remarkable stories first lockdown experiences. Kate Charlton and Antony Haslam Jan 26 10 min The Fresher Experience During The Pandemic Kate Charlton and Antony Haslam explore the Fresher experience at Edinburgh University and the surrounding public rhetoric concerning... Anne Anjali Jan 24 2 min Let me know me! A prose piece by Anne Anjali on being comfortable with yourself and embracing change. Daniel Geen Jan 15 5 min The Scottish Students Campaign Daniel Geen discusses responses by Scottish students at The University of Edinburgh regarding their experiences of classism. Chloe Lawson Jan 13 4 min In Conversation: Gabi Livingstone Chloe Lawson interviews Gabi Livingstone, the student behind the Instagram @theunheardgroup. Pranavi Hiremath Dec 23, 2020 4 min Pink equals Girls and Blue equals Boys? Pranavi Hiremath examines the evolutionary view of gender roles and identity. Lucien Staddon Foster Dec 6, 2020 6 min A Summer of Injustice: Six Months On Lucien Staddon Foster provides an important reflection on the horrific racial traumas that Black people have faced over the last 6 months. Lauren Deveney Nov 22, 2020 5 min Invisible Eating Disorders Lauren Deveney's call to actin for raising awareness around, and getting rid, of the stigmatisation attached to eating disorders.